Species of Higher Marine Fungi

 

Marine Fungi

Marine fungi are distinct from terrestrial and freshwater fungi in their taxonomy and morphology, as well as in their adaptations to an aquatic habitat. They are an ecological, not a taxonomic group and cannot be defined by nutritional or physiological requirements. Obligate marine fungi are those that grow and sporulate exclusively in a marine or estuarine habitat and are permanently or intermittently submerged. Facultative marine fungi are those that normally occupy freshwater habitats or terrestrial milieus but are able to grow (and possibly to sporulate) in the marine environment. Currently there are 444 known species of marine fungi, of which 360 are ascomycetes in 177 genera, 10 basidiomycetes in 7 genera, and 74 mitosporic or asexual fungi in 51 genera.

 

Complete list of accepted species of higher marine fungi

Ascomycota

Basidiomycota

Zygomycota

mitosporic marine fungi

             Hyphomycetes

             Coelomycetes

Species parasitic on animals or animal shells

Species saprobic on animals or animal shells

Species parasitic on algae

Species saprobic on algae

Species saprobic on plants

Species saprobic on wood

Lichens